Other comments made below regarding the origin of the family and family name come from my reading of "Mareen Duvall of Middle Plantation" by Harry Wright Newman.
|shorthistoryfrance||Short history of France. Very interesting reading with all kinds of interesting historical links. The Franks settled there after the Romans.|
|nantesfrance||This site gives the history of Nantes, France, possible birth place of Mareen Duvall. Many beautiful photos of historical and modern sites.|
|Huguenot||This site gives a history of the Huguenots in France and why Mareen Duvall fled to America.*|
|nanteslavalmap||Map showing detailed driving instructions between Nantes and Laval France. Scroll down to see the map|
|Laval in France||Possible birth Place of Mareen Duvall as cited by the Society of Mareen Duvall Descendants. Many historical pictures.|
|lavalcastle||Picture of Laval Castle, possible home of Mareen's ancestors**|
* It is possible that Mareen did not flee to America but was sold in bondage as a prisoner of war. This was common practice at this time. He was a very young man at the time a war was going on between the king of France and the Huguenots, and it is not inconceivable that he fought in the war on the losing side.
** One descendant of Mareen has speculated that the DuVall name came from the family occupying the Laval Castle. The name coming from familia de vallis (barricades). The Castle being the barricade. This in opposition to the common belief that names were given to patriarchs of a famiies living in a vale or dale. Thus being DuVall "from the vale" or valley.
Timeline of Important English, Spanish and French Expeditions and Colonies in North America, the Civil War, The Tull Community, the Duvall’s , the Tull’s and Others.
12,000 BC Ancestors to present day Native Americans arrived in North America
8,000 BC - 1000 BC Native Americans to present day Arkansas. It is not known where they disappeared to because only their remains have been found. They were mound dwellers. The Native Americans the first Europeans encountered in 1541 had moved in from the Ohio Valley of North America.
1513 Ponce de Lon discovers present day Florida. Columbus never reached the North American continent.
1541 The first white
man to enter Grant County was a Spaniard named Hernando DeSoto. With
about 500 men, several hundred horses, blood hounds, hogs, and cattle, DeSoto
had sailed from Cuba to Florida in 1539. He spent the next two years roaming
through the south. In May of 1541 DeSoto reached the present city of Helena on
the Mississippi River. He had found no gold or silver and had lost many men and
horses to the Indians and the elements. He made his way to present day Benton
and followed the Saline River south. It was during this part of his journey that
he entered Grant County. He probably followed the river to the Jenkins Ferry
area and from there headed west to Hot Springs. They then proceeded south to
Camden and Calion on the Ouachita River. From here the ill-fated expedition
entered Louisiana where DeSoto died of a fever. The remainder of his expedition
made their way back to Cuba. They had found no gold or silver but they had
discovered new territory. DeSoto is important to Grant County in that he was the
first white man to cross its boundaries. It was 400 years before white men would
enter the county to stay. Reference “Our Timberline Home by Elwin Goolsby”
Not to be used for commercial
1578- Humphrey Gilbert party off Newfoundland. They did not survive ocean storms
1585- Sir Walter Ralegh party landed on Ronake Island off present day North Carolina (Ralegh never landed himself). After a time, the survivors were taken back to England by Sir Francis Drake. Second colony know as the “Lost Colony” brought there by John White sometime after 1585 were never seen again. White left them for England and could not find them when he returned.
1607- Jamestown in Virginia barely survived due mostly to Captain John Smith assuming leadership over official leaders by necessity because of his skills and his successful contact with the Powton Indians. They controlled the area. Smith an Englishmen was an ex soldier of fortune who fought in European wars and once was sold as a slave by a conquering army. He escaped. He kept detailed notes and maps of expeditions up the coast and wrote several journals of his experiences in North America when he returned to England. He petitioned for a party of his own to make a new colony in America but was unsuccessful. All new parties to the America’s did use his writings for guidance on where to go and what to do when they got there (including Plymouth‘s). Contrary to popular legend, he was never romantically involved with Pocahontas the daughter of the powerful Powton chief. She was only 11 years old when he was there but she did save his life at one time. She went on to marry John Rolfe after being captured in 1614 and traveled to London with him. On her return trip she died. He went on to make a fortune in Tobacco farming in America. We could have surely done without him. They did have one child. Reference: “Love and Hate in Jamestown” by David Price.
1620 Plymouth Colony (Legend of John Alden and Miles Standish the leader courting the same girl in the colony (Priscilla). First Thanksgiving.
Mid 1600’s- The French in Arkansas
Origin of the name Arkansas
The name "Quapaw" is a derivative of the tribal term Ugakhpa, meaning "down stream people." These people belong to the Dhegiha subdivision of the Sioux. It is believed that this group originally resided in the Ohio Valley. The tribe left this region following the Ohio River downstream to the Mississippi River and eventually to the land which is now Arkansas.
Arkansas is also named after the Quapaw. In the mid 1600's the French explores, Marquette and Joliet, when traveling down the Mississippi used the Illini Indians as their guides. The guides referred to the Quapaw tribe as "Akansea" - People of the South Wind. This was the name the Illini Indians had given them in their own language, and that was how the French had written it down on their maps. Reference Various Web Sites.
1650’s- Mareen DuVall arrived in Maryland. A Huguenot from France was an indentured servant to John Covell (it was the only way he could get to America) until he completed his service, then became a wealthy man in land and other. He earned the title “Gentleman” eventually. He lived to have three wives in time. He died in 1694 in Md. The reference source believes he came from Laval France (because he named his land “Laval”) which is 190 miles southeast of Paris between the towns of Rennes and Le Mans (where they have the 24 hour auto race each year). The town is on the Mayenne River and from the sixth century. Today it is an arts, old castle, etc. tourist town. It is a small town, but has lots of history and several famous French persons were born there. During the French Revolution it was a center for Royalist resistance. Reference: “Linda Coate Ancestrees.com 2003” and Website for Laval.
1680- Mareen DuVall, the younger, was born in Md. And died in 1740 Md. Reference: Joe DuVall’s Family Tree Maker. All of the references below for the DuVall and Tull families are from the same Family Tree Maker”
1686- Arkansas Post on the Mississippi founded by the French
1702- Mareen DuVall was born in Md. And died 1761 in Md.
1745- Lewis DuVall was born in Md. And died in 1808 in Il.
1774- Alexander Gabriel DuVall was born in South Carlonia and died in Pope County Arkansas.
1797- Elisha Harrison DuVall Senior was born in Alabama and died in 1880 Grant County, Arkansas
After the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 Napoleon's commissioner handed the region over to the Americans. Arkansas and Grant County was now a part of the District of Louisiana. After Louisiana became a territory Arkansas was made a district. In 1812 the name of Louisiana Territory was changed to Missouri Territory. In 1813 the Missouri legislature changed the District of Arkansas into Arkansas County. It included all the present state of Arkansas except the northeast and extreme north. Henry Cassidy was elected the first representative from Arkansas County to the Missouri lower house. In 1815 the Missouri legislature established four new counties. Grant county was then a part of Clark county and would remain so until 1829 when it became a part of Hot Spring and Jefferson counties. In 1835 it became a part of Saline county and would remain so until 1869 when the official county was created. Reference “Our Timberline Home by Elwin Goolsby” Not to be used for commercial
1815-First white man, William Lockert, arrives in Saline County. Reference: “Article by C.R. DuVall in the 100th Anniversary of Tull’s Old Folks Singing”
1830- First white man, Ely Lindsey, settles in the vicinity of Tull Community. Reference: “Article by C.R. DuVall in the 100th Anniversary of Tull’s Old Folks Singing”
1815-1840- Many more white men continued to move into Saline County including Archibald Tull and Abraham Tull. Ben Williams also settled there and purchased land in Tull Community in 1836. He sold this land to William Barney, who sold it to William Crowson. Archibald Tull bought this land before the Civil War and he in turn sold it in 1932 to Edward Harrison DuVall. Reference: “Article by C.R. DuVall in the 100th Anniversary of Tull’s Old Folks Singing”
1816- Archibald Tull was
born in Tennessee came to the Tull Community before 1840 and died in 1895, Tull,
1825- Elisha Harrison DuVall junior was born in Alabama, came to the Tull Community around 1846, and died 1860, Belfast, Arkansas
1836- Arkansas becomes a state
1840- Tull Community becomes a part of Saline County
1841-1869 Francis Posey was one of the first white settlers to come to Grant County. He was the son of Samuel and Ruth Posey of South Carolina. In 1841 Ruth Posey and her children came to this area and cleared land. Samuel Posey had been killed in Louisiana in l840. Francis Posey married Frances J. Ratcliff in 1844. She died in 1845 in Grant County. In 1848 Francis married Sarah L. Worthen. Posey had come to Grant County when he was seventeen. He, as did almost every other settler, chose farming as an occupation until 1869. He then began the first mercantile business in the new community of Sheridan. Posey came to the county forty-eight years before its creation and to him can be given credit for the act or passage of the
among the earliest. The
territory covered by Davis and Calvert Township was the most thickly and rapidly
settled. (Reference “Our Timberline Home by Elwin Goolsby” Not to be used
for commercial purposes
1853- George A. DuVall was born in Saline County Arkansas and died in Grant County, 1932.
1861- Arkansas secedes from the Union. Ironically, if they had not seceded, they would have not lost their slaves or their statehood. Linclon did not think the U.S. Constitution gave him the authority to outlaw established slavery in the Southern States. He did believe strongly that it gave him the authority to use force to keep the Union together. If one state had the right to secede, then what was to keep any disgruntled state from seceding and the Union crumbling . He also believed it gave the Union the authority to prevent new territories from allowing slavery.
1862- Emancipation Proclamation- This was not his original intention. After the war started, he tried to promote compensated emancipation starting with the border states but they refused. He also favored colonization of the Blacks to Africa or Central America. His final decision was to use this proclamation as a military strategy. He finally believed that he had to hurt the Confederation by destroying the institution that they had in common and bringing the war to a close sooner. Another thing he knew that European powers would never recognize the Confederacy if the slave issue was brought out in the open. His goal was to end the war as soon as possible.
1863- Gettysburg. The most terrible battle in the history of warfare ending in the retreat of Lee’s army. He thought he could and must win, but he made some decisions that could have avoided much of the blood shed.
1864- Civil War Battle Jenkins Ferry on the Saline River near present day Sheridan, Arkansas. The Unions successfully retreated to Little Rock, Arkansas (which they held) from Camden Arkansas otherwise they would have been captured or destroyed by the Confederate Army. Reference: Website for Jenkins Ferry.
1865- The civil war ends with the surrender of Lee to Grant at Appomattox. If either side could have foreseen the terrible consequences of this war, they would have found a way to compromise.
1869- A bill was signed by Governor Powell Clayton on February 4, 1869 creating Grant County, Arkansas. The county was named for Union General Ulysses S. Grant, as called for in the original petition. The act named the county seat in honor of Union General Philip H. Sheridan. Reference Website.
1879- Elisha Harrison DuVall was born in newly formed (1869) Grant County Arkansas and died in 1967 Saline. County Arkansas. Grant County & Circuit Clerk January 01, 1929 to December 31, 1935. Grant County Judge from January 01, 1937 to January 01, 1940. School Teacher For 33 years. He was Grant County Representative in the Arkansas State Legislature from 1919 to 1921.